La Perouse Flora – French Connections

Flora indigenous to the La Perouse headland described by, collected by, or named for French botanists (Lynda Newnam, March 2014)

Myrtaceae

Calytrix tetragona – the genus and this species was described by Labillardière who was appointed to the D’Entrecasteaux expedition in search of Laperouse.

Eucalyptus – In 1777 during Cook’s third expedition David Nelson collected a twig of what Banks had earlier seen in Botany Bay and had noted as the ‘Dragon’s Blood Tree’.  The specimen reached England and was kept in Banks’ herbarium at Kew until Chales-Louis L’Héritier de Brutelle on a visit examined it.  He published his description as Eucalyptus obliqua in 1788.  Eu from the Greek for ‘well’ and kalyptos for ‘covered’, in reference to the cap covering the bud.  Obliqua came from the asymmetrical leaf.  The species collected by Banks in Botany Bay was Corymbia gummifera – first published in 1788 as Metrosideros gummifera, later moved to E. gummifera and now * Corymbia gummifera

Melaleuca squamea – described by  Labillardière

Acmena smithii – first described by Poiret

Fabaceae

Aotus ericoides – was first described by Étienne Pierre Ventenat

*Acacia longifolia var. sophorae – first described by  Labillardière

Bossiaea, the genus, and *Bossiaea heterophylla –  was described by  Étienne Pierre Ventenat and named for Joseph Hugues Boissieu Lamartinière, who was botanist on L’Astrolabe

Pultenaea dentata – described by Labillardière

Proteaceae

*Banksia ericifolia – described by Linnaeus with seed ‘cones’ later collected by Lamartinière or Collignon at Botany Bay and recovered

Epacridaceae

Leucopogon virgatus – first described by Labillardière

Rutaceae

Correa reflexa – first described by Labillardière  then Étienne Pierre Ventenat

Zieria laevigata – described by Aimé Jacques Alexandre Bonpland

Apiaceae

Actinotus –  the genus and *Actinotus helianthi  – described by Labillardière

*Platysace lanceolata – first described by Labillardière

Apium prostratum – first described by Labillardière

Meliaceae

Synoum glandulosum – described by Jussieu

Moraceae

Ficus rubiginosa – described by Desfontaines – and earlier in Dumont de Courset’s Le Botaniste Cultivateur

Casuarinaceae

*Allocasuarina distyla – first described by  Étienne Pierre Ventenat

Dilleniaceae

Hibbertia acicularis – first described by Labillardière

Droseraceae

4 genera with only Drosera (described by Linnaeus) occurring in Australia

Drosera binata – described by Labillardière

Drosera spathulata – described by Labillardière

Picrodendraceae

Micrantheumgenus and Micrantheum ericoides – described by Desfontaines

Euphorbiaceae

Monotaxis – genus and Monotaxis linifolia – described by Brongniart

*Ricinocarpos – genus and Ricinocarpos pinifolius described by Desfontaines

Phyllanthaceae

Poranthera microphylla – described by Brongniart

Haloragaceae

Gonocarpus tetragynus – described by Labillardière

Lentibulariaceae

Utricularia dichotoma  – described by Labillardière

Lobeliaceae

Lobelia anceps – described by Labillardière

Oleaceae

Notelaea longifolia – described by  Étienne Pierre Ventenat

Pittosporaceae

Billardiera – the genus and Billardiera scandens named by Smith (first curator of Kew Gardens) in honour of Labillardière

Pittosporum undulatum – described by  Étienne Pierre Ventenat

Polygalaceae

Comesperma genus – described by Labillardière – species here is Comesperma ericinum described by De Candolle

Santalaceae

Exocarpus genus and Exocarpus cupressiformis – described by Labillardière

Violaceae

*Viola herderacea  – first described by Labillardière

Vitaceae

Cissus antarctica – described by  Étienne Pierre Ventenat

Lillaceae

Dianella genus – described by Lamark – species in La Perouse D. Caerulea, D. Longifolia, D. revoluta

Poaceae

Deyeuxia quadriseta – first described by Labillardière

Microlena stipoides – first described by Labillardière

Poa billardierei – first described by Labillardière (and named Austrofestuca littoralis)

Poa poiformis – first described by Labillardière

Lomandraceae

*Lomandra genus and *Lomandra longifolia – described by Labillardière (also found in La Perouse: L. filiformis, L. glauca, L. multiflora )

Xyridaceae

Xyris operculata – described by Labillardière

Centrolepidaceae

Centrolepis fascicularis – described by Labillardière

Cyperaceae

Baumea acuta – first described by Labillardière

Lepidosperma – genus and Lepidosperma filiforme – first described by Labillardière (L. forsythii, L. viscidum, L. laterale, L. concavuum, and L. neesii also found in La Perouse)

Schoenus nitens, Schoenus paludosus – described by Poiret

Restionaceae

Leptocarpus tenax – described by Labillardière

*Baloskion tetraphyllus – described by Labillardière

Selaginellaceae

Selaginella – genus described by Beauvois

Selaginella uliginosa – first described by Labillardière

SEAGRASSES

Hydrocharitaceae

Halophila – genus described by Abel Aubert Dupetit Thouars

* Collected by Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander at Botany Bay

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